City God Temple of Shanghai

Published: 27th April 2012
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The Town God Temple, also known as Chenghuang Miao, is really a temple situated in Shanghai, China, inside the old walled city. Today the "City God Temple" not just refers back to the large temple complex, but the traditional district of commerce within the city, all around the temple. You will find on the hundred stores and shops in this region, and many of these store structures are nearly a hundred years old. The temple connects towards the Yuyuan Garden, another landmark from the old city.The temple is in modern language known in Shanghai because the "Old City God Temple", in mention of the a later "New City God Temple", which no more is available.

The Shanghai Chenghuang Miao is really a Taoist temple situated at Shanghai City in East China. The Chenghuang Miao was initially built throughout the Yongle reign (1403-1424) from the Ming Empire (1368-1644). After its construction, many fans came here to lose joss stays and execute other religious activities. Probably the most prosperous period for that temple was the Qing Empire (1644-1911). It's a key historic site of Shanghai City now. In addition, it's also a famous venue for religious activities on the planet as well as an important window for foreign individuals to understand China's religious culture.

Every Chinese city had its Temple from the Town God, the central shrine for Daoist worship. Shanghai's version dates from 1403 when local official Qin Yubo, who was simply posthumously designated as Shanghai's patron town god through the Ming Empire Hongwu emperor (A.D. 1328-98), was finally honored together with his own temple, although it did not undertake its present title until 1929. Throughout the Cultural Revolution (1966-76), the temple, which in fact had grown being much more of a marketplace, was destroyed. In early the nineteen nineties, the temple and surrounding bazaar area, which ornamented a part of Yu Yuan, were extensively restored being one large complex dedicated to the god of commerce. The temple's primary courtyard is generally jammed with worshippers praying prior to the statues of Huo Guang (a nearby military hero) right in front hall, and also the town god within the back. The odor of incense is overpowered only through the odor of money wafting in the nearby shops.

Throughout the Ming Empire, Zhang Shouyue, the officer of Shanghai County devoted a temple towards the local city god. Since that time, Chenghuang Miao was destroyed several occasions and also the current temple was built-in 1926, which consists of many halls like the grand hall, middle hall, bed room structure, star gods hall, yama structure, xuzhen god hall, etc. By having an section of over 10,000 square meters, Chenghuang Miao includes two gardens: Western Garden (Yu Yuan) and East Garden.

A saying goes such as this: 'one can't boast he have been to shanghai if he didn't visit Chenghuang Miao', the witness from the infection and status of Shanghai. The religious festivals from the temple are regarded as because the festival of Shanghai people, particularly when the Sanxun Festival (each day once the chenghuang God begins to examine his people) approaching, many of the individuals will arrived at the Chenghuang Miao to lose incense, worship the Chenghuang Miao and pray for that happiness and safe.

All of the shops inside or outdoors the temple will hang lantern to celebrate the festival. Additionally, the Chenghuang Miao is well known not just because of its tourist sites but in addition for its shopping points of interest. You will find boutiques, large jewellery stores, shops in addition to shops selling the neighborhood areas for example some folk arts, cockfight, penmanship performance,etc.

You will find many Chenghuang Miaos in China to enshrine the neighborhood deities to wish for local safety and meet individuals other wishes. So-known as Cheng means the town wall, Huang means the town moat, and also the Chenghuang Miao refers back to the temple accustomed to enshrine local gnomes. The gnome Qin Yubo of Shanghai City is enshrined within the Shanghai Chenghuang Miao. The Chenghuang Miao have been destroyed many occasions due to fire and war, also it was reconstructed right into a strengthened concrete structure in 1926. The municipality reconstructed it in early eighties. The present Chenghuang Miao is really a typical magnificent building of Chinese style. The primary hall has turnup eaves, three-dimensional brick designs and carvings are standing around the 2 sides from the door with figures of famous ancient generals around the bricks correspondingly (General Huang Zhong is around the left and General Guan Yu is around the right), and you will find three embossments around the ridge from the primary hall.

Initially a temple created to recognition the Han statesman Huo Guang (68 B.C.) The Town God Temple is really a Taoist temple which consists of many a halls like the Grand Hall, Middle Hall, Bed room Structure, Star Gods Hall, Yama Structure, Xuzhen God Hall. The temple had a place in excess of 10,000 square meters including two gardens: West Garden (Yuyuan Garden) and East Garden. The Town God Temple includes a great affect on the citizens of Shanghai.

The religious festivals from the temple are regarded as the festivals for those Shanghai people. Particularly when the Sanxun festival (each day once the City God begin to inspect his people) comes, almost all individuals will arrived at the Temple to lose incense and worship the God, while all shops inside or near by would hang red-colored lamps to celebrate the festival. Additionally, some folk arts, like cockfight, penmanship performance and acrobatics, are fairly attractive.

Shanghai Chenghuang Miao can also be famous like a food street in Shanghai. You will find plenty of famous Shanghai local snacks are available in Chenghuangmiao Old Street. Both domestic and foreign vacationers would rather come here to possess a Shanghai snack experience. The special dim sum in Lubolang Restaurant, the vegetable Chinese bum in Songyuelou, the Babao grain meal in Songyunlou, and also the Nanxiang Chinese bum, many of these are available in that old street.

The Town God Temple of Shanghai is situated within the most prosperous section of Shanghai. It is among the most significant Taoism architectures in Shanghai. Initially built-in Ming Empire, this temple has past 600 years. In the Ming Empire, the size of the temple stored increasing the size of. And today it covers a place of 33,000 square meters. It had been destroyed throughout the China' cultural revolution period and reconstructed since 1994. Till 2004, the town God Temple retrieved in the damage and it has been enlarged with recently built halls for example Jiazi Hall, Chenghuang Hall, Wenchang Hall, etc.

Chenghuang Miao area presently has development right into a retail center that is well-liked by vacationers. Several types of shops for example clothing shops, toy shops and travel souvenir shops are dispersed in some places. And also the stone road in this region can give people a perspective of famous Chinese picture 'Riverside scene of Qingming Festival'. You're going to get Chinese crafts, exclusive gifts, wonderful souvenirs as well as other exquisite products during these shops.


Above is the introduction of the Town God Temple of Shanghai, hope it's helpful for you. Further information please see our Shanghai Travel Guide


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